The Baobab Tree is one of the oldest trees on earth with some trees living to be over 1000 years old. Baobab trees have a long history of providing nutrition and health for humans and they are revered as “THE TREE OF LIFE” because of all of the healing properties of the fruit, leaves, seeds and bark.
The Baobab fruit is a whole food source of essential vitamins, minerals, antioxidants and fiber that has been used to make a health tonic for hundreds of years. Ancient Europeans used Baobab Fruit regularly and it is referenced in pharmaceutical journals over 200 years old. In India Baobab fruit is used to nourish the body as part of traditional Ayurvedic Medicine. In Africa the Baobab Fruit has been well studied for its medicinal properties and is staple in many dishes and traditional drinks.
Current research on Baobab Fruit has shown it to be The Superior Superfruit with higher levels of Vitamin C, B Vitamins, Calcium, Magnesium, Potassium, Antioxidants and Fiber than any other Fruit Ever Studied.
The Baobab Nutrition Company has sourced the finest all natural, organic Baobab fruit and is making it available in the United States for the first time!
Baobab Fruit is The Superior Superfruit.
Stress and Lack of Exercise damage the body by causing Free Radical Damage to cells. The modern diet provides excess calories and low amounts of essential nutrients to support health.
The Benefits of Acai include its antioxidant potential BUT Acai is usually combined with up to 30 grams of Sugar which keep it from being a real HEALTH Food.
Pure Baobab is 100% natural the way Nature Intended without added Sugar to cause inflammation and spike blood glucose levels. For a Pure Natural Health Food Baobab is the winner Nutritionally.
Avete mai sentito parlare del baobab? Il suo nome propriamente scientifico è l’ Adansonia. Questa pianta è originaria dell’Africa centrale, in cui molto diffuse e anche conosciute. E’ presente anche in Madagascar ed Australia.
Questo albero diventa davvero alto e largo. Il Baobab viene chiamato dagli uomini africani, in molti modi cioè l’Albero della vita, l’Albero Magico e Albero farmacista. Il perché? Molto semplice, il suo nome deriva pienamente dalle proprietà benefiche che esso racchiude in sé.
Questo albero che è molto altro, viene considerato dagli africani, come un mezzo d’unione tra il cielo e la terra. Dona loro non solo cibo ma anche sostanze utili per curare molte malattie.
Cerchiamo di capire bene perché viene chiamato Albero della vita e quali sono le sue proprietà nascoste.
Le vere sostanze nutritive si trovano nel frutto del Baobab, costituito da una parte polposa e da un’altra parte legnosa.
La parte piena di polpa è ricca di piccoli semi, i quali a loro volta sono carichi di:
molte vitamine A, B1, PP,B6 e in particolare la vitamina C,
Quest’ultime riescono a mantenere in equilibrio la flora batterica e ridurre il rischio di sovrappeso e stitichezza.
Il Baobab essendo ricco in particolare di vitamina C o anche detta acido ascorbico, è utile come antiossidante nei confronti dei radicali liberi, che provocano l’invecchiamento cellulare e riesce anche ad aumentare l’assorbimento da parte del nostro organismo del ferro, utile per risolvere vari problemi di anemia.
Il Baobab essendo ricco d’antiossidanti, viene impiegato anche nella formazione di prodotti estetici, come creme e lozioni per la pelle.
Infatti dai suoi semi vengono estratti degli oli molto ricchi di acidi grassi che riescono a rendere la pelle del corpo elastica e lucida. E’ spesso impiegato anche nella produzione di creme solari, per la sua proprietà di riuscire a tener lontane le scottature. Ottimo anche fenomeni d’herpes e micosi.
E’ molto usato e consigliato per le pelli secche e soggette alla formazione delle rughe.
Oltre ad essere un antiossidante, il frutto del Baobab ha proprietà antinfiammatorie ed antipiretiche, quindi può essere utilizzato per curare stati febbrili e anche stati influenzali, o mal di testa o mal di denti.
Il Baobab è un buon alimento da esser usati per ridurre i livelli di colesterolo presenti nel sangue. Aiuta anche a dimagrire, essendo povero di grassi, quindi può essere aggiunto senza alcun problema nelle diete che vengono eseguite.
La polpa del Baobab dona energia e forza. Proprio per questo motivo viene mangiato anche da molti atleti, durante lo sforzo fisico e anche dopo, per recuperare le forze perse.
Questo frutto è davvero un farmaco naturale, che può esser impiegato come antibiotico naturale, per la sua azione antimicrobica e antifungina.
This is a lovely traditional dish eaten all over Africa. There maybe different ways of making this dish and this is one of them. To really enhance the flavour of the Baobab fruit this version has a mild or medium heat and is served with cassava leaves or spinach as a side dish. Ingredients Quantity
Olive Oil 2-3 Tablespoons
Garlic clove 2
Green Chilli 1
Red Chilli 1
Tamarind Paste 1 Tablespoon
Chicken Breasts 4
Chicken Stock 2 cups
Chopped Tomatoes 1 Can
Tomato Puree 1 Tablespoon
Peanut Butter 1 cup
Baobab Powder 3 Tablespoons Preparation:
Chop and fry the onion in the oil (not too much oil) on a medium heat, cook for 3 minutes
Chop garlic, ginger, red/green chilli’s and mix into the pan, add the tamarind
Add the chicken and fry quickly to seal, stirring continuously.
Stir in the chicken stock, tinned tomatoes, tomato puree and peanut butter.
Finally add the Baobab powder and salt and pepper seasoning.
Reduce the heat, cover and cook for 40 minutes, stirring occasionally.
Serve on a bed of rice with roasted vegetables.
Add salt and pepper as required. Energy Bars
Baobab fruit contains high levels of energy and is the perfect ingredient in a healthy snack bar. Ingredients Quantity
Porridge 1 cup
Wheat germ 1/2 cup
Oat Bran 1/2 cup
Baobab Fruit Pulp 1 cup
Crunchy Peanut Butter 1 cup
Raisins or dried fruit-chopped 1 cup
Chocolate Chips (optional) 1 cup
Lighty Golden Syrup or Honey 1 cup
Snack Bar – perfect for school pack lunches
A perfect snack to add to your children’s school lunch. Easy, tasty and packed with goodness! Make sure your children get the benefits of baobab. Ingredients Quantity
Baobab Fruit Pulp 60g
Roasted almonds 25g
Dried Sliced Bananas 25g
Soft Apricots 55g
Light Brown Muscavado Sugar 115g
Golden Syrup or Honey 55g
Cold Pressed Organic Sunflower Oil 170ml Preparation
Makes 12 bars
Preheat the oven to 180C/350F/Gas Mark 4.
Mix the baobab, oats and raisins.
Cut the almonds, apricots and bananas into raisin-sized chunks and mix into the oats, baobab and raisin mixture.
Put the sugar into a medium-sized saucepan, adding the syrup and then the oil. Set over a low heat and stir until the sugar has become much less granular. Take care not to let the oil get too hot — it just needs to be warm, as the sugar won’t amalgamate with the oil and you don’t want it to burn.
Stir in the oat mixture and tip into a 30cm x 20cm nonstick baking tray. Spread evenly and pat firmly into the tray.
Bake for 15 minutes or until pale gold.
Remove from the oven and, when it begins to firm up, cut into 12 bars.
Leave until cold, remove from the tray and place on kitchen paper to soak up excess oil before wrapping individually and storing chilled.
Traditional African Baobab Juice
Traditional African baobab juice, simple, fast, healthy and delicious! Healthy drinks contraining superfruits in no time at all! Ingredients Quantity
Baobab Fruit Powder 25g
Fresh Orange Juice 1/2 Litre
Warm Water 1 Litre
Brown Sugar (optional) 50g
Lemon Juice 10ml Preparation
Bring 1L of water to boil for 5 min.
Add the baobab pulp to boiled water and stir until well mixed
Add the orange juice and sugar to taste.
Let it cool keep refrigerated.
Serve. Legendary Baobab Porridge
Legendary, healthy porridge, fortified with baobab! Combine the slow energy release of complex carbs with the rapid energy boost of Baobab and you have a true superfood guaranteed to help you face the day!
Baobab Fruit Powder 20g
Cassava Flour 50g
Maize Flour 50g
Millet Flour 100g
Sorghum Flour 50g
Brown Sugar or Honey 20g Preparation
Mix all the 5 flours together in a container.
Boil 2L of water in a cooking pot and bring to boil.
Separately add 5 cups of cold water to the flour and stir to make thin paste.
Add the flour paste in boiling water while stirring continuously until the porridge boils.
Cook for 25 min then add sugar to taste.
Serve warm (not hot).
Bouye Drink (Baobab Fruit Drink)
For the health concious individual, on the go and no time to waste! Ingredients Quantity
Baobab Fruit Pulp 25g
Warm Water 1 Litre
Brown Sugar 1 Tablespoon Preparation:
Hot or cold water
Add in the baobab
Add in some sugar (or honey) to taste
Stir well & Serve Lakh or Lah
This dessert is a kind of sweetened porridge mix made from the fruits of the baobab tree, millet couscous and peanut butter. Ingredients Quantity
Peanut Butter 1 cup/25g
Butter 2 Tablespoons
Baobab Fruit Pulp 1 cup
Millet Couscous 2 cups
Orange Essence (optional) 1 drop
Sugar (optional) To Taste
Nutmeg (optional) 1 pinch
Raisins (optional) 1/2 cup
Vanilla Essence (optional) 3 drops Preparation:
Cook the couscous or use instant couscous.
Add butter and mix then put in the fridge once cool.
Mix the baobab juice and peanut butter in equal parts.
Add all the other ingredients, except the couscous, and stir well.
Place in the fridge until cool.
When ready to serve mix the sauce and couscous and add sugar to taste. Salad Dressing
With all the goodness of baobab.
Cucumber, slice as needed 1/2
Tomatoes, slice as needed 2
Small Onion, slice as needed 1
Olive Oil 30ml
Baobab Powder 4 Teaspoons
Vinegar 20ml Preparation:
Mix olive oil, baobab and vinegar (add a little water if needed), stir well and sprinkle gently over freshly cut vegitables.
If you need some “fire” to your salad, consider, grinded green chillies.
Serve. Baobab Cheese Cake
Cheese cake with a difference, smooth and healthy.
Baobab Fruit Powder 40gm
Cream Cheese 600gm
Wholemeal plain digestive buscuits 120gm
Granulated Sugar or Honey 60gm
Lemon Juice 1/2 Preparation:
Grease a 200cm flan tin, preferably one with a loose base.
Melt the butter in a pan over a slow heat.
Crush the biscuits to fine crumbs and add to the melted butter.
Add the mixture into the greased flan tin.
Mix together the cream cheese, sugar and baobab powder into a smooth consistency.
Add the lemon juice and mix thoroughly.
Spoon the mixture onto the pressed biscuit crumbs and spread evenly across the flan tin.
Cover with foil and refrigerate for 3 hours.
Baobab Smoothie! Awesome!
One of a number of healthy drinks containing a number of healthy fruits and super fruits such as Baobab and Blueberries. Ingredient Quantity
Baobab Fruit Powder 2 tablespoons
Flaxseed 1 tablespoons
Apple Juice 200ml
Natural Plain Yoghurt 100ml
Blueberries 180gm Preparation:
Mix yoghurt and apple juice in a food blender until smooth.
Add the flaxseed and this is optional. If you do not like flaxseed, omit.
Add the banana, baobab powder and the blueberries and blend until smooth.
Pour into a straight glass and enjoy something really special.
Baobab Ice Cream – a delicious treat great for kids!
You did not know you could make ice cream from baobab! Sure you can!
Use suitable ice cream containers or small cups. Ingredients Quantity
Baobab Fruit Powder 60g
Mix ingredients well.
Fill the containers and place in a freezer.
Allow to chill or freeze and enjoy!
You can add cinnamon, other juice (hibiscus, mango, pinapple, berries……)
Health junkies the world over are always in search of the next great thing and Baobab could be just what they are looking for.
I have to say I’m quite dull when it comes to fruit; apples, bananas, strawberries, raspberries and melon – that’s about all that I eat and I’m ashamed to say I don’t eat those very often. I’m just lazy when it comes to food, I see them sitting in the fruit bowl but I never go so far as to actually pick them up and eat them unless I can’t find anything else in the house when I’m starving.
The Baobab Tree is also known as the Upside Down Tree, an ancient tree of life the Baobab fruit contains:
6 time more vitamin C than oranges, 6x more antioxidants than blueberries, 6x more potassium than bananas and 2x more calcium than milk, it is easy to see why Baobab has been used for thousands of years in its native East Africa to pack a vital nutritional punch. It also contains 0.2mg more iron than red meat – a perfect supplement for vegetarians.
Baobab Fruit comes in a powder form which can be made into a drink or added to tasty food to sneak in the good stuff, this is great for someone like me who has fussy eaters although you do need to be able to prepare your children’s food without them peering over everything you do (like mine do!). I have successfully managed to sneak a bit of the Baobab Powder into Little Bean and Beanie Boy’s yoghurt without them noticing and I can’t help but feel a little smug that I have managed to get them to eat a superfruit without them evening realising it. It can be added to yoghurts as I have done, rolled into flapjack, sprinkled into fruit juice, cereals or smoothies. It is recommended that 1 tablespoon is the typical daily serving.
It is 100% natural, organic and sustainably sourced so you can feel good that you are being kind to the environment as well as looking after your children (or yourself).
Makes 8 cupcake-sized muffins
115g butter, melted
315g self-raising flour
10g baking powder
150g light brown sugar
25g orange zest
2 eggs For buttercream
300g icing sugar
150g unsalted butter
40g baobab jam
5ml vanilla essence Method
Preheat oven to 180°c/gas mark 4.
Using an electric mixer on medium speed, beat the sugar and eggs together until light.
Add the yoghurt, milk and melted butter. Mix on a low speed.
When mixed, add the flour, baking powder and orange zest until mixed through.
Transfer mixture to eight cupcake cases in a suitable baking tray.
Bake for 20 -25 minutes.
In the meantime make the buttercream icing
Beat the butter until soft, add the icing sugar and beat until light and fluffy.
Add the vanilla essence and baobab jam.
Remove the cupcakes from the oven and allow to cool.
Pipe the buttercream on to the cakes.
Sprinkle some extra orange zest on the top.
Recipe for apricot and baobab flapjacks Ingredients
Makes 10-12 pieces
240g unsalted butter
120g golden syrup
90g light brown sugar
30g dark brown sugar
400g rolled oats
120g dried apricots, chopped
15g baobab powder Method
Preheat your oven to 180°c / gas mark 4.
Melt the butter, golden syrup, sugars and vanilla essence in a pan. When melted, whisk in the baobab powder.
In a large mixing bowl mix all the ingredients together until combined – do not over mix.
Pour mixture into a lined tray and gently press down.
Bake for 20-25 minutes until lightly golden.
Take out of the oven, carefully and partially cut part way through into your required portions (this makes it easier to cut when cooled).
Serve and enjoy!
Scientific name: Adansonia digitata Family: Malvaceae (kapok, mallow, cola, hibiscus)
Also known as: monkey bread tree, lemonade tree, upside down tree
Baobab trees can live for over 3,000 years. When they die, they rot inside and suddenly collapse.
The trees resist drought, fire and termites. They regrow their bark if it is stripped.
They are known as upside down trees because their branches look like roots.
Some people believe that if you pick a flower from a baobab tree you will be eaten by a lion. But if you eat water in which baobab seeds have been soaked, you will be safe from a crocodile attack.
Where it grows
This baobab is native to tropical African countries, including South Africa, Botswana, Namibia, Mozambique. Its natural habitat is hot, dry woodland on stony, well-drained soils, in areas that receive low rainfall. Baobabs have also been planted in India and Australia.
In Africa most parts of the baobab are eaten:
Fruits: the pale powder that covers the black seeds inside the fruits tastes sharp and tangy, and is added to many sauces and drinks. This fruit powder is rich in Vitamin C and B2, and therefore offers health benefits, especially for pregnant women, children and the elderly, and is said to help fight fevers and settle the stomach. Leaves: an excellent source of protein, minerals and vitamins A and C. They are eaten fresh and also dried, milled and sieved to make a green powder that is used to flavour drinks and sauces. Seeds: used to thicken soups, or fermented to use as a flavouring, or roasted to be eaten as snacks.
The wood is used for fuel and timber
Although Adansonia digitata is reasonably common, many other baobab species are under threat. Out of the eight species, six are found in Madagascar, all of which are red-listed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature due to habitat destruction through extensive agriculture.
As the flowers emerge in the evening, they are pollinated by bats and nocturnal insects such as moths.
The trunks can hold thousands of litres of water, and elephants sometimes tear the trees down to get to the moisture inside.
The science bit
Tree up to 25m tall. Trunk girth up to 25m when mature. Branches short, stout and twiggy at ends. Bark red-brown to purple-grey. Leaves simple to digitate, with up to 9 dark green and glossy leaflets but usually 5. Flower stalk (peduncle) up to 90cm long. Flowers pendulous, up to 20cm wide, white, petals rounded containing a mass of stamens (up to 1,600), often open before leaves. Fruits amphisarca, up to 20cm long, globose to ovoid, covered in felt-like downy hairs (tomentum), contain many seeds.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration determined that dried baobab fruit pulp was generally recognized as safe for use as an ingredient in fruit drinks up to 10 percent and fruit bars up to 15 percent.
This means that 10 grams of baobab fruit is the maximum amount allowed in a 100-gram smoothie, and about 7 grams in a cereal bar.
Ten grams of baobab fruit pulp contains five grams of fiber, 12.5 percent of the Recommended Daily Intake for Vitamin C, 4 percent of the RDI for potassium, 5 percent of the RDI for iron for women, 12.5 percent of the RDI for iron for men and 2 percent of the RDI for calcium.
The fruit pulp can have more Vitamin C than an orange and exceeds the calcium content of cow’s milk. It also contains carbohydrates in the form of sugars, as well as minimal protein and minimal fat.
But is there a drawback to consuming foods containing baobab fruit pulp or a baobab fruit supplement?
The fruit produced by the baobab tree — also known as the bottle tree, upside-down tree or monkey tree — has long been a staple in the diet of people living in Africa. Since 2008, there has been increasing interest for developing baobab as a raw material for consumer products. Three food manufacturing companies now have products containing baobab fruit on the market, either in the form of supplements or as an ingredient in food bars or smoothies, and they claim the baobab fruit is the “King of Superfruits.”
So let’s look at baobab fruit. The baobab fruit is a large gourd-shaped fruit that contains a soft, powdery pulp and kidney-shaped seeds. Traditionally it was eaten as a sweet, consumed as a refreshing drink or used as an alternative to cream of tartar in recipes.
Traditional uses of the whole fruit outside of Africa are rare, as the pulp has to be dried and processed into a fine powder to be exported.
Due to its high fiber content, baobab fruit pulp may have a laxative effect. The five grams of fiber in 10 grams of fruit pulp are comparable to the amount of fiber in a single dose of psyllium taken as a laxative. The FDA does not presently regulate supplements (but it’s coming), so there is no guarantee that a capsule of dried baobab fruit pulp contains the amount of pulp or fiber indicated on the label.
So what’s the bottom line on baobab fruit? Consumer Lab identifies that its high fiber content, nutritional content and antioxidant properties may make it an attractive addition to one’s diet. But specific health claims have not been established, and consuming moderate to large amounts has a potential laxative effect.
When a little-known, exotic fruit is catapulted onto the marketplace-at-large and is assigned the prefix “super,” we tend to be somewhat skeptical.
After all, the produce section is now teeming with Superfruits, and the beverage aisle can barely resist collapse under the burden of bottles filled with the magical elixirs of acai, pomegranate, and mangosteen among other juices of functional distinction. No doubt then, when I mention that baobab, a fruit that is prevalent in Africa, but virtually unheard of outside of it, really is the next superfruit to look out for, this assertion will be met with rolling eyes, and plenty of them.
You see the baobab fruit’s super powers extend way beyond nutritional claims. This isn’t to say though that it isn’t purported to be a extremely healthful. It is. According to the National Geographic blog, the fruit “contains six times as much vitamin C as oranges, twice as much calcium as milk, and plenty of B vitamins, magnesium, iron, phosphorous, and antioxidants.” Ah yes antioxidants. Where would the superfruit be without its store of antioxidants? And it’s definitely safe; the FDA says so. In fact, in the fall of 2009, the FDA approved the use of baobab in foods and drinks, and the dried fruit powder (which is actually the natural state of the fruit pulp) was assigned GRAS status. This means: generally regarded as safe. In Africa, the fruit has been harvested for centuries for its medicinal qualities. Not only is it considered a general cure-all tonic, but it’s also commonly used particularly to treat fevers, malaria, gastric problems, and vitamin C deficiency among other ailments.
Let’s backtrack a little. The baobab fruit or pod basically resembles an oval gourd, or a slim downed version of a watermelon. The outside, with its woody shell and velvety green coating, admittedly offers the more attractive vista. Cut into the fruit and you’ll find flesh colored sinewy fibers, and hiding among them, white fruits that resemble misshapen marshmallows. Only these marshmallows aren’t soft and tender, but the flesh around the oil-rich seeds is dry and powdery. Ironically, while this sounds somewhat unappealing for the gastronome, it’s actually ideal for the manufacturer. There’s no need to figure out how to transform a moisture heavy, highly-degradable product into a form amenable to further processing (I’m definitely counting this as evidence of super-ness). This powdery pulp is then merely milled and then packaged and transported to Europe and the US for use in smoothies, juices, nutrition bars, baked goods and countless other foods. And since the fruit has a high pectin content (around 25%) its offers the benefit of being a natural thickening and binding agent.
As for the taste, a whole continent of people can’t be wrong. With it sweet, tangy, and pear-like flavor profile, the baobab has been consumed for hundreds of years by locals. And it’s not just the fruit that makes for tasty grub in the form of sauces and porridges and a refreshing lemonade-type beverage when combined with water and sugar, the leaves are pounded to form a kind of relish, and seeds are roasted, ground and treated like coffee. Perhaps, however, the real testament to how “super” tasty the baobab fruit could be to you and me, is the award of the Gin Trophy to a spirit made with the fruit at the recent 2011 International Wine & Sprits Competition – the most well regarded competition of its kind. Whitney Neil London Dry Gin, is distilled with nine botanicals, and the one the company is most vocal about is the baobab fruit- which it refers to as a signature African botanical. The gin uses both the citrusy fruit pulp and the mocha-like seeds which, in combination, are said to be responsible for the distinctively bold and spritely character of the drink. So unique and superlative is the final product, that producer, Johnny Neill, has been credited with re-inventing gin.
But the most useful and profound significance of the baobab tree isn’t rooted in how tasty or nutritious it is, but rather in how much it’s helping impoverished African communities. Offering a hand in this process is the charity PhytoTrade Africa. The non-profit trade association which has developed an efficient workable system by which families are able to harvest the fruit and earn an income that can pay for healthcare, education and everyday necessities. According to the National Geographic blog, “women in Malawi are harvesting the fruits for commercial use and earning enough cash to pay children’s school fees.” According to a profile on the PhytoTrade website, Esnati, a Malawian mother, was able to send all her children to school, build a house, buy a bicycle and feed her family on the income provided by picking the baobab fruit (supplemented by having to occasionally sell rice or a goat).
If you thought that was the last of the litany of reasons why the baobab fruit deserves the Superfruit title, you’d be wrong. It’s also a… super-laxative. The fruit has a very high soluble fiber content – 5 grams of every 100 grams to be precise. Seeing that the FDA allows baobab powder to be used as an ingredient in blended fruit drinks at a level of up to 10% and up to 15% in fruit cereal bars, this could result in a laxative effect, according to a recent report by ConsumerLab.com. Per 100 grams, baobab actually has more soluble fiber than psyllium, the active ingredient used in laxatives. That’s sure super something!
Baobabs un de los árboles más magnificos del mundo
Vamos a tratar sobre los baobabs. Uno de los árboles más majestuosos que hay sobre este planeta. Adansonia es un género de la familia Malvaceae cuyos miembros son árboles conocidos popularmente como baobab, árbol botella o pan de mono. Contiene ocho especies, de las cuales seis crecen en la isla de Madagascar, y de las otras dos, la más conocida, Adansonia digitata, crece en África continental, y la menos conocida y más pequeña, Adansonia gibbosa, en Australia.
El baobab africano es un árbol de tronco masivo, con forma de botella o irregular y lleno de nudos. Su altura puede oscilar entre los 5 a 30m y el diámetro del tronco superar los 11 m. La corteza es lisa y la madera fibrosa con poco contenido en agua. Las hojas sólo brotan en la época de las lluvias, en verano en el hemisferio norte y en invierno en el hemisferio sur. Las hojas del árbol adulto son compuestas, tienen de 5 a 11 foliolos que surgen del mismo peciolo en círculo y cuyos bordes son enteros en todas las especies salvo en la especie rubrostipa, que los tiene dentados. Los árboles jóvenes tienen las hojas simples y se van lobulando poco a poco. Las flores son hermafroditas, actinomorfas, de unos 10 cm, con pétalos blancos. Todas las especies dan frutos al final de la estación seca o principios de la húmeda. El fruto es una baya seca o una gruesa cápsula con forma de melón alargado. Las semillas son numerosas, grandes, con forma de riñón. Envolviendo las semillas hay una pulpa de color crema, cuya textura varía de terrosa a esponjosa según la especie y la edad del fruto. Las semillas viven más de cinco años.
Los baobabs adoptan la forma de botella durante la etapa de madurez, a partir de los doscientos años. En buenas condiciones, sobre suelo arenoso, con un clima templado y lluvias entre 300 y 500 mm pueden vivir hasta 800 o 1000 años, aunque se habla de ejemplares que han alcanzado los cuatro mil años. Algunos baobabs se ahuecan en la madurez y se convierten en grandes depósitos en los que se pueden almacenar más de seis mil litros de agua.
Son longevos también, hay especimenes que tienen una edad aproximada de cuatro mil años. Tienen unas flores blancas con forma de mano, que son hermafroditas; y producen un fruto parecido a un melón pequeño
Es un árbol leñoso de madera blanda. Habita casi exclusivamente en áreas semiáridas al sur del desierto del Sahara, en África. Pero como pude vivir en alturas comprendidas entre el nivel del mar y los 1.250 metros de altura se los ha visto por otras partes del continente africano. Pueden verse muchos de ellos en el Parque nacional Kruger, en las montañas Lebombo. Baobab Bar
Los inmensos baobabes son inspiradores de las más variadas historias. Existe un ejemplar tan inmenso que en su interior se aloja una estación de autobuses en la que pueden entrar 40 personas. Se dice sobre otro que a 500 km de Johanesburgo es utilizado como cantina, y que dentro de su tronco pueden llegar a juntarse 50 personas.
Las leyendas cuentan que si una persona bebe agua en la que se han mojado semillas de baobab, quedará protegido del ataque de los cocodrilos. Pero si osa arrancarle una flor al baobab, morirá devorado por un león.
Pero no todo es leyenda, ya que está probado que el baobab es un árbol muy útil, ya que su fruto es muy rico en fibra y un excelente alimento. Es consumido como pasta y utilizado para elaborar una bebida refrescante. Con las hojas se hace sopa, y con su corteza se fabrican cuerdas. Y uno de los atributos más impresionantes es que puede llegar a almacenar 120 mil litros de agua, algo terriblemente importante en las zonas desérticas en las que suele crecer. Especies * Adansonia digitata – El Baobab por excelencia. Crece en todas las zonas semiáridas del África continental, alcanza los 25 m de altura y diez metros de diámetro. La copa es redondeada y tiene uno o varios troncos secundarios. Las hojas tienen de 5 a 7 foliolos. El fruto es globoso u ovoide. En el Sahel hay cuatro tipos de esta especie, el de corteza negra, el de corteza roja, el de corteza gris y el de hojasoscuras (dark leaves). Este último tiene las hojas más apreciadas como verdura, el gris es mejor por la fibra y los otros por los frutos. * Adansonia grandidieri. Propio de Madagascar, es la especie más alta (25 m) y esbelta que las demás; acilindrado y liso. También es el árbol que tiene más usos y se ha explotado más. La corteza, de un tono gris rojizo, y que en el árbol adulto tiene de 10 a 15 cm de grosor, es tan fibrosa que no queda ningún árbol del que no se haya extraído a una altura de dos metros para hacer tejidos, ya que se regenera fácilmente. El fruto es globoso, dos veces más largo que ancho. La pulpa del fruto se come fresca y de la semilla se extrae un aceite para cocinar. En algunas zonas se alimenta a las cabras con estos frutos; las cabras digieren la pulpa y expulsan la semilla entera. La madera, esponjosa, es rica en agua y tiene anillos concéntricos que muestran los años de crecimiento.
Según las leyendas, los árboles solitarios de esta especie albergan espíritus y no es raro encontrar ofrendas a los pies de los ejemplares más grandes. * Adansonia gregorii (sin. A. gibbosa). Endemismo de Australia. Crece en afloramientos rocosos, lechos de ríos y llanuras inundables del noroeste de Australia. Raramente supera los diez metros de altura y la copa es irregular. Echa las hojas entre noviembre y marzo. Los australianos lo llaman árbol de la rata muerta o árbol botella. * Adansonia madagascariensis. Pueden medir de 5 a 12 m y ser de formas muy distintas. Crece en el nordeste de Madagascar y puede incluso adentrarse unos metros en el mar. El fruto es más ancho que largo. Florece en febrero y echa las hojas en noviembre. Si se planta en semillero, sus raíces hinchadas son una verdura excelente. * Adansonia perrieri. Crece también en el norte de Madagascar. Quedan pocos ejemplares de esta especie en peligro de extinción. No supera los 15 metros de altura y puesto que está en el hemisferio sur echa hojas entre noviembre y abril, como el resto de baobabs de Madagascar. * Adansonia rubrostipa (sin. A. fony). Crece en el oeste y al sur de Madagascar, en terrenos arenosos o arcillosos. Es el más pequeño de los baobabs de Madagascar, de 4 a 5 m, aunque pueden encontrarse ejemplares de hasta 20 metros de altura. Son gruesos y se estrechan antes de las ramas, dándoles una forma de botella muy especial. La corteza es marrón rojiza. Las hojas son serradas. Es una importante fuente de alimentación para los lemures. * Adansonia suaresensis. Crece en el norte de Madagascar. También en gran peligro. Es una especie alta, mide hasta 25 m y tiene un tronco esbelto, con un tronco de 2 metros de diámetro. El ramaje es amplio, las hojas tienen de 6 a 11 foliolos verde amarillentos y elípticos. El fruto es dos veces más ancho que largo. Sus semillas son las más grandes de la familia. * Adansonia za. Crece desde el extremo sur hasta el noroeste de Madagascar. El tronco es cilíndrico y muchas veces irregular. Las semillas son comestibles y el tronco se usa a menudo como depósito de tierra.
Baomix “Polvere di Baobab”, proprietà antiossidanti naturali di Baobab
Le proprietà antiossidanti naturali di BAOMIX giocano un ruolo essenziale nel combattere i radicali liberi, la proliferazione dei quali contribuisce al prematuro invecchiamento delle cellule. Questi antiossidanti sono parte integrante di svariati processi metabolici, quali la produzione di collagene, la sintesi di ormoni (steroidi) e la produzione di tessuti connettivi e neurotrasmettitori.
L’acido ascorbico, trovato anch’esso nel BAOMIX, migliora la capacità corporea di assimilare e distribuire calcio e ferro.
BAOMIX è in special modo raccomandato per coloro che desiderano ri-costruire o mantenere in buono stato la propria salute: adulti, bambini nella fase di crescita, studenti ed atleti. BAOMIX è un integratore dietetico e non deve essere usato come sostituto di una dieta varia e bilanciata.
Al 100% biologico e senza glutine, BAOMIX è ottenuto separando naturalmente la buccia disidratata dalla polpa interna del frutto.
Istruzioni: Sciogliere 2 cucchiai in un bicchiere d’acqua, succo di frutta, te freddo, latte o yogurt una o due volte al giorno. Da provare anche come tonico a colazione aggiungendo due cucchiai in una tazza di cioccolata calda al mattino. Ulteriori ricette si trovano sul sito: baomix.com
Ingredienti: polpa di baobab 100% biologica Adansonia digita
ta). Dal sapore dolce ed intenso, la polpa contiene tiamina (vitamina B1) e riboflavonoidi (vitamina B2), entrambi essenziali nella rigenerazione delle cellule staminali della pelle, e niacina (vitamina B3), che ricopre un ruolo importante in diverse funzioni metaboliche. La polpa di babobab è naturalmente ricca di minerali – calcio, ferro, potassio, magnesio, manganese, fosforo e zinco – ed in molteplici aminoacidi essenziali.
2 cucchiai di BAOMIX contengono il 44% della razione giornaliera raccomandata di fibre, delle quali il 22,4% solubile e il 22,6% non solubile. La fibra solubile bilancia e rafforza la flora intestinale aiutando una digestione facile e salutare.
Eccellente integratore di una dieta attiva, 100 grammi di BAOMIX contengono un quantitativo di vitamina C (300 mg) sette volte maggiore di quello dell’equivalente quantità di arancia ed un quantitativo di calcio (295 mg) tre volte maggiore di quello del latte.
Conservare in un luogo fresco e asciutto.
Composizione per 100 g di baobab: 75,6% carboidrati, 2,3% proteine, 0,27% grassi e 300 mg di vitamina C.
Discover the beauty secret of our innovative Baobab Botanical facial masque, an excellent source of trace minerals which can contribute to the strength of our connective tissue.
The nutritional skin benefits include phyto-chemicals, enzymes and vitamins essential for strong cell growth and repair.
This organic formula super-charges your skin with protective antioxidants, protects against ageing free radicals and the minerals works to hydrate, tighten and nurture your skin. The renewing strength of our tree of life masque is designed to achieve maximum penetration for a true brightening effect, leaving your skin renewed and radiant.
Usage: Mix 1 Tsp (5g) of Baobab formula with a small amount of water and work to a light paste even layer, leave on for 15-20 minutes and rinse with warm water. Use 2-3 times per week.
Baobab – Adansonia digitata (latin)
Areas of origin: Africa, from the Sahel to the Transvaal, in the dry savannah regions.
Adult Dimensions: Up to 24 metres high (79′), diameter of the trunk can grow to 8 or 9 metres (26 or 29.5′).
Foliage: Deciduous in the dry season.
Flowering: At the end of the dry season or just before the first rains often before the first leaves.
Soil type: Weak acid to lime, dry.
Hardiness: Temperatures above 12°C.
Exposure: Full sun.
Keeping a Baobab Tree inside: Put in a warm environment (minimum temperature 12°C) and well lit near a window. In some areas it will be possible to put outside from June throughout to September. Water thoroughly when the compost is dry. Can wait for another month before being watered again. Continue watering even if the tree loses its leaves in winter. You can treat your Baobab Tree like a house plant and transplant later into bigger containers, or pots with a water reserve. The baobab should be re-potted every 2 years. Trim roots by a third. Choose a terracotta pot with a hole, one size bigger than the root ball. Fill with a mix of compost (70%) and sand (30%). Re-pot and water well. Characteristics and Uses: The baobab is one of the most useful trees grown in the Sahel. It is revered and protected by the population. A source of shade and landmark in the countryside, the Baobab is treated as a meeting point for markets and other events. The leaves are rich in calcium, iron, proteins and lipids, constituting an additional source of nutrition. The fruit is commonly known as monkey bread. The pulp is used for making refreshing drinks rich in Vitamins B1 and C. Young shoots and roots are eaten like asparagus. The black seeds contained in the pulp can be grilled and eaten. They contain more protein than peanuts and have a higher percentage of Lysine (amino acids necessary for growth) than in vegetables. At the time of the sap rising, the bark fibres are taken off up to 1.5m (4.9′) in length and on the entire circumference of the trunk to make ropes. The wood being very soft and spongy is not used. It has high water content, up to 10,000 litres in large trees. In drought periods, humans and animals will chew the wood to appease their thirst. The old trees often have natural or man-made cavities that act as water reservoirs, or food and cereals stocks. They can also act as refuges or burial sites. The baobab has a very high resistance to fire and drought. It has very few enemies. Young trees are usually only destroyed by fire or animals, the biggest ones can be damaged by elephants who break the branches and the oldest ones are either destroyed by storms, lightning or just collapse.
Baobab: The Tree of Life
The Baobab is called the Tree of Life with good reason. It is capable of providing shelter, food and water for the animal and human inhabitants of the African savannah regions.
The cork-like bark is fire resistant and is used for cloth and rope. The leaves are used for condiments and medicines. The fruit, called “monkey bread”, is rich in vitamin C and is eaten. The tree is capable of storing hundreds of litres of water, which is tapped in dry periods.
Mature trees are frequently hollow, providing living space for numerous animals and humans alike. Trees are even used as bars, barns and more. The Baobab also features as the Tree of Life in Disney’s “Lion King”, and is the centrepiece in Disney’s Animal Kingdom.
Radio-carbon dating has measured that age of some Baobab trees at over 2,000 years old.
Baobab bonsai are one of the world’s most fascinating bonsai. Baobab trees grow in Africa, and are one of the world’s most unusual looking trees.
There are many legends revolving around the Baobab tree, among one of the most common being that the tree was cast down from heaven and grew upside down, as the canopy branches of the tree often look like roots.
As the tree loses its leaves in the winter season, this characteristic is predominate during this time.
If you are intending on keeping a Baobab bonsai, there are several things that you will need to remember. First, these trees are extremely sensitive to temperature. They will not thrive in places that get cold. Many growers have witnessed a tree die within several days due to quick exposure to cold temperatures. If you live somewhere cold, it is vital that you store the Baobab bonsai somewhere the plant can remain warm throughout the winter season. In addition, the Baobab bonsai should receive no water at all during the winter, as watering them in winter will cause root rot and your plant will die.
The most challenging aspect of caring for a Baobab bonsai, aside from taking care to water properly, is to acknowledge that these trees take a very long time to grow. You will not get instant results from this type of bonsai tree. You will need to take your time and carefully plan your bonsai design, and realize that these trees may take well over ten years before you will see results. However, once designed, they make an excellent part of any bonsai collection. As they are fairly easy to care for as long as you pay attention to the plant’s dormancy period, growers of any level can enjoy this tree.
If you are interested in growing Baobab bonsai, there are several things that you can do to acquire one. First, you can attempt to grow your own from a seed. Seeds can be purchased online or from specialty vendors. Seedlings and already designed bonsai can also be purchased, although shipping this type of plant can be dangerous if you are shipping during the dormancy period or to a place that has lower temperatures.
Overview : Native to Africa, the baobab (Adansonia) is the largest succulent plant in the world.
The baobab’s unusual shape, with a short, thick trunk and thick branches that look like a root system, has earned it the nickname “the upside-down tree.” Growing baobab seeds is simple, but getting the seeds to germinate can be hit or miss. Your best bet is to plant as many seeds as you can to increase your chances of having one or two that germinate and grow into healthy baobab trees. Unless you live in a tropical climate, you’ll need to plant the seeds and grow your baobab in a container indoors.
Prepare a small planter pot or a seed tray with good drainage holes in the bottom. Fill the tray or planter with 3 to 4 inches of well-draining potting mix or one part coarse sand mixed with one part potting soil.
Scarify the baobab seeds by cutting a small slit into the seed, just deep enough to expose the white inner layer. Soak at least six baobab seeds in a bowl of room-temperature water overnight.
Plant the baobab seeds 1-inch deep into the soil. Ensure that the soil is warm, at least 60 to 65 degrees Fahrenheit.
Water the seeds with warm water right after planting them to moisten the potting mix evenly.
Place the seed tray or planter in front of a sunny window. Place one or two 40-watt grow lights shining on the seed tray to provide extra light, and keep the lights on for 10 to 12 hours every day.
Water the seeds once every three days with warm water. Don’t water the seeds or seedlings more often than every few days and avoid using cold water.
The Baobab tree possibly older than the Giza Pyramids
Carbon dating has been used to estimate the Big Baobab’s age at ± 6000 years.
To put this in perspective the tree is possibly older than the Giza Pyramids and was certainly here thousands of years before the birth of Jesus Christ. When the first leaves sprouted the Sahara Desert was still lush and green and our Iron Age ancestors were roaming the land.
Sunland’s Baobab is 22 meters high, and is some 47 meters in circumference. It is still (and is likely to remain so) “the record holder for the species”, according to the SA Dendrological Society.
In 1993 the van Heerdens cleared out the hollow centre of the tree, removing masses of compost build up, to uncover the floor about a meter below ground level. In the process they found evidence of both Bushmen and Voortrekkers, attesting to the historical importance of the tree.
They squared off a natural vent in the trunk to make a door and installed a railway sleeper pub inside the trunk, complete with draft beer, seats and a music system. One party had 60 people inside the tree bar!. A wine cellar was installed in a second hollow, with a constant temperature of 22° C, ventilated by natural vents.
The tree blooms gloriously in spring. It is home to many bird species, including two pairs of owls.
There are eight species of Baobab, the African variety, six in Madagascar and one in Australia. The African variety, Adonsonia Digitata, is the largest and is found in 20 sub Saharan countries. It thrives in dry climes which have low to moderate seasonal rainfall.
In some parts of Africa entire forests of moderate sized Baobabs sprout from arid plains, but giants like the van Heerden’s tend to be solitary. This is because their peers have long since perished through flood (Baobabs cannot bear being waterlogged), drought, lightning strike or marauding elephants. All four, plus a disease called black fungus, ensure that only the hardiest survive to a ripe old age. As Hugh Glen, a government botanist, once said “the problem with the Baobab is that it doesn’t get handsome until it’s about 800 years old”.
The Bushmen believed that the Baobab had offended God and, in revenge, God planted the tree upside down. Certainly, when winter comes, the Baobab resembles a mass of roots pointing towards the sky instead of being underground. The Baobab has been associated with many myths, mysteries and folklore. Even the flowers bloom at night. Bushmen believed that any person who plucks the flowers will be torn apart by lions, because there are spirits in the flowers. When water is drunk, in which the Baobab’s pips have been soaked, this serves as protection from crocodiles and the drinker will be mighty.
The Baobab has a special role in Africa. Elephants, monkeys and baboons depend on its fruit (the vitamin C content of one fruit is the equivalent of 4 oranges); bats pollinate them by crashing into the flowers while chasing insects; bush babies also spread the pollen; the pollen can be used as glue; the seeds are rich in protein, calcium, oil and phosphates – they can also be roasted and ground like coffee beans; young leaves have a high calcium content and can be used as spinach; the trunk is fibrous and can be woven into rope mats and paper; beer and tea can be made from the bark, but you need a strong constitution to drink either.
It was at one time believed that Baobabs were in danger of becoming extinct. This was before botanists realised that the small trees do not resemble the mature trees at all. Fortunately the Baobab is not threatened. But the large trees are not immune to man’s intrusion. A famous tree, the Nomsiang Baobab, named after the farm in which it stood, was close to the highway and thousands of visitors trampled the ground so hard that it became impervious to rainwater and the magnificent tree died. We can rest easier when custodians like the van Heerdens’ guard our trees.
For Indoors: Place in a warm place (minimum temperature 53°F/12°C) and near a well-lit window. In some areas it will be possible to place it outside between the months of June and September.
Water it generously when the clod is dry, but it can be up to one month before it needs more watering. Continue watering even if the baobab tree loses its leaves during winter. You can grow your baobab indoors in a pot, with a large basin or tray for the tree’s water reserve. The baobab tree needs to be repotted every two years. Trim the roots of the baobab back to one third of their current length. Choose a large clay pot with holes in the bottom. Fill it with a mixture of 70% compost and 30% sand. Pot it and water it as soon as it arrives. Our grower complies with the rules of fair trade principle of international solidarity in favor of developing countries. He has been practicing fair trade for many years to provide his employees a decent living by guaranteeing a fair income for all, including women and people living in need, and to protect children from exploitation.
Properties and uses: The baobab is one of the most useful trees of the Sahel. Because of its usefulness, it is protected and respected by the local inhabitants. It provides shade and acts as a natural landmark which makes it ideal as a gathering place for markets or other events. The leaves are rich in calcium, iron, protein and fat, which makes it a valuable food supplement. The fruit is commonly called “monkey bread”. Its pulp is made into drinks that are rich in vitamins B1 and C. The young seedlings and their roots are eaten like asparagus. The black seeds, enclosed in the flesh of the fruit; can be roasted and eaten. They contain more protein than peanuts and have a higher percentage of lysine (an amino acid essential to growth) than in other legumes. When the sap rises, farmers extract the fibers from the bark to make rope. The wood, which is soft and spongy, is hardly used. It does, however, hold a lot of water, up to 10,000 liters in the big trees. In case of scarcity, men and animals chew on to ease their thirst.Old trees often contain natural or excavated cavities that are used either as water tanks, or granary and other provisions, or either of refuge or place of burial. It has a high resistance to fire and drought. He knows very few enemies: The young trees are destroyed by fire or livestock, the greatest are damaged by elephants that break branches, old trees are struck by lightning, overturned by the storm or collapse.
Foliage: Caduc during the dry season. Flowering: Late season dry or just before the first rains, often before the first leaves. Soil: Slightly acid to limestone, rather dry. Climate: Temperatures above 12 ° C. Exposure: Full light.
The natural antioxidant properties of BAOMIX play an essential role in combating free radicals, the proliferation of which contributes to the premature aging of cells.
These antioxidants are integral to various metabolic processes, such as collagen production, the synthesis of hormones (steroids), and the production of connective tissue and neurotransmitters.
Ascorbic acid, also found in BAOMIX, improves the body’s ability to assimilate and distribute calcium and iron.
BAOMIX is especially recommended for anyone who desires to rebuild or maintain his or her good health: seniors, children going through growth spurts, students, and athletes. BAOMIX is a dietary supplement, and should not be used as a substitute for a varied and balanced diet.
100% organic and gluten free, BAOMIX is made by separating the naturally dried skin from the interior pulp of the fruit.
Directions: Dissolve two teaspoons in a glass of water, fruit juice, iced tea, milk or yogurt one to two times daily. Try it also as a breakfast tonic by adding two teaspoons to a cup of hot chocolate in the morning. You can find more recipes at BAOMIX.COM. Ingredients: 100% organic pulp of baobab (Adansonia digitata). With a sweet and tangy taste, the pulp contains thiamine (vitamin B1) and riboflavin (vitamin B2), both essential to the regeneration of skin stem cells, and niacin (vitamin B3), which plays in important role in various metabolic functions. Baobab pulp is naturally rich in minerals—calcium, iron, potassium, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus and zinc—and in several essential amino acids. 2 teaspoons of BAOMIX contain 44% of your required daily fiber, of which 22.4% is soluble and 22.6% insoluble. Soluble fiber balances and fortifies your intestinal flora, which helps to facilitate healthy digestion.
An excellent complement to an active diet, 100 grams of BAOMIX contains seven times more vitamin C (300 mg) than an equal quantity of orange and three times more calcium (295 mg) than milk.
Store in a cool dry place.
Composition of 100 grams of baobab fruit: 75.6% carbohydrates, 2.3% protein, 0.27% lipids and 300 mg vitamin C.
Origin Senegal, distributed by company Baobab Andorra
Although the oil from the Baobab tree is not an essential oil – as it is a “fixed” oil and not a volatile oil, it does have some amazing properties, and for this reason we have decided to stock this oil.
Since it is a fixed oil – it will not burn the skin when used neat on the skin, but since it is such a rich and nourishing oil, it can be included in far smaller quantities into another carrier oil or base.
The pure oil is extracted from the seeds and the oil is easily and quickly absorbed by the skin leaving no oiliness or greasiness. Baobab oil is highly moisturizing, emollient and soothing which is partly due to the ingredients found in the oil. It contains vitamins A, D, E and F.
Vitamins A and F (which are polyunsaturated fatty acid) are actively involved in the rejuvenation and renewal of cell membranes, while vitamin E is a superior antioxidant, which helps to fight aging.
Baobab oil is ideal to help treat dry and damaged skin, as well as for intensive hair care and its soothing properties are helpful for eczema and psoriasis treatments due to the Omega 3, 6 and 9 contained in the oil.
The baobab seed oil is pure, cold-pressed and unrefined – containing no additives.
Baobab oil does far more than just moisturize the skin and this rich, golden oil also helps to improve skin elasticity, encourages regeneration of skin cells and does not clog the pores.
It is also said to alleviate pain from burns and regenerates the epithelial tissues in a short time, thereby improving skin tone and elasticity.
Baobab oil is used in small percentages in creams, lotions, body butters and other skin care formulations.
Baobab oil is known for the following beauty benefits:
* Skin softening
* Skin restructuring
* Quick absorption
* Improves elasticity of the skin
* Encourages regeneration of cells
* Do no clog skin pores
* The essential fatty acids contribute towards maintaining a healthy skin
* Superb moisturizing benefits for skin and hair
* It is a non-siccative (non-drying) oil
Origin of baobab oil baobab oil
The baobab is probably the best known tree in Africa. Its thick, grey, fibrous trunk (reaching, in some instances, over 25 meters in circumference) and large, spreading crown, seasonally devoid of foliage, are instantly recognizable. Baobabs are extremely long-lived, with some specimens believed to be as much as 3,000 years old. The baobab belongs to its own family, Bombacaceae.
The Baobab tree has digitate (hand-shaped) leaves, and ovoid fruit, with a hard woody shell covered in yellowish-green velvety hairs, are again easily identified. Inside its shell, the fruit contains a number of seeds, embedded in a whitish, powdery pulp. Tangy and nutritious, the pulp makes a tasty food or, after soaking in water or milk, a refreshing beverage.
The tree is found throughout Africa, generally at low altitudes and in the hotter, drier areas. In fact, so widespread is the tree that, to many people, it is an icon, symbolic of the continent itself.
Extraction baobab oil
The oil is extracted by cold-pressing the seeds.
Chemical composition baobab oil
Baobab oil is a semi-fluid golden-yellow oil that is gently scented and contains nearly equal amounts of saturated (33%), mono-unsaturated (36%) and poly-unsaturated (31%) fatty acids, and the essential linoleic acid is of special interest.
Saturated fatty acids
Palmitic acid C16:0 18.0 – 30.0 %
Stearic acid C18:0 2.0 – 9.0 %
Arachidic acid C20:0 < 2.0 %
Unsaturated fatty acids
Oleic acid C18:1 30.0 – 42.0 %
Linoleic acid C18:2 20.0 – 35.0 %
a Linoleic acid C18:3 1.0 – 3.0 %
Polpa di baobab, energia ed equilibrio per l’organismo
Conosciuto ed utilizzato sin dai tempi degli Egizi per le sue caratteristiche curative e nutrizionali, da sempre parte della Farmacopea Africana, il Baobab è stato solo recentemente studiato dai centri ricerca di università e aziende. Per le sue proprietà risulta essere un integratore alimentare molto efficacie per aiutare l’organismo nei periodi più impegnativi e di stress, in particolare durante le diete ipocaloriche.
Recenti studi clinici ne comprovano la validità come ricostituente, regolarizzatore del tratto intestinale e antiossidante.
La polpa del frutto dell’albero di Baobab ha un contenuto di vitamina C di 8-10 volte maggiore di quello dell’arancia, è quindi un ottimo antiossidante, utile per la prevenzione dell’invecchiamento.
Ha un buon contenuto di calcio, di magnesio e fosforo, minerali molto utili per combattere l’osteoporosi tipica della donna in menopausa e per favorire il consolidamento delle fratture ossee.
E’ ricco di fibre, alcune di esse (le fibre solubili) hanno anche la funzione di prebiotici che lo rendono un naturale regolatore dell’intestino.
E’ energizzante e saziante. Aiuta l’organismo nei periodi più impegnativi e di stress e in particolar modo in corso di regimi alimentari ipocalorici (diete). Grazie all’elevato contenuto di fibre alimentari contribuisce al raggiungimento del senso di sazietà e riequilibra la funzione intestinale.
Azione prebiotica del Baobab
Alcune fibre solubili hanno anche la funzione di prebiotici, cioè di sostanze che a livello dell’intestino crasso stimolano selettivamente la crescita e l’attività metabolica di un numero limitato di gruppi microbici, in particolare bifidobatteri, importanti per il mantenimento di diverse funzioni dell’intestino e dell’intero organismo.
Alcuni studi hanno valutato l’azione della polvere di frutto di Baobab sulla flora batterica intestinale. Si è visto che essa provocava un significativo incremento della popolazione di Bifidobacterium (batteri molto utili) e un evidente calo delle popolazioni di Bacteroides, Clostridia, Fusobacteria e Cocchi gram + (batteri poco utili).
Questi dati indicano che l’aggiunta di polvere di frutto di Baobab alla dieta aumenta significativamente la popolazione di Bifidobacterium nell’intestino umano.
Azione antidiarroica del Baobab
Peraltro un’alimentazione con un alto contenuto di fibre aggrava le situazioni in cui vi è un transito intestinale accelerato.
La particolarità della polpa del frutto del Baobab, ad alto contenuto di fibra (56 g. su 100 gr. di prodotto tal quale), è invece quella di essere un potente antidiarroico, riconosciuto ormai a livello mondiale come unica cura naturale per la lotta a questo disturbo, presente in maniera rilevante nei paesi africani.
L’attività antispasmodica e l’effetto inibitore sul transito intestinale sono due fattori contribuenti a rinforzare l’azione antidiarroica della polpa, completata anche dalle azioni antiinfiammatoria e antimicrobica che le sono attribuite.
Azione antiossidante del Baobab
Uno studio ha fatto una valutazione della capacità antiossidante dell’estratto della polpa dei frutti di Baobab, in confronto con quella di altri vegetali ritenuti ricche fonti di antiossidanti (arancia, kiwi, mela, fragola).
I risultati sono stati calcolati come grammi di prodotto fresco (FW) utilizzando il Trolox®, un test capace di rivelare la quantità di radicali liberi, come standard di riferimento.
La polpa del frutto di Baobab è risultata quella con la migliore azione antiossidante/antiradicalica, seguita dalla polpa del frutto di fragola, da quella del frutto di kiwi, dalla polpa del frutto di arancia e infine dalla mela polpa e buccia. Q
uesti dati evidenziano le interessanti proprietà antiossidanti di questo frutto; in particolare il valore antiossidante della polpa di frutto del Baobab è risultato essere circa 10 volte più alto di quello della polpa di arancia.
Eticità, come e dove viene raccolto il Baobab
Il Baobab viene raccolto e lavorato in Africa in collaborazione con le più importanti ONG, al fine di migliorare la qualità della vita dei villaggi dove avviene la raccolta e divulgare un prodotto da loro conosciuto e utilizzato da millenni.
Lotta alla povertà:
Controllano che i proventi della raccolta vengano distribuiti equamente e che non ci sia lo sfruttamento da parte di commercianti disonesti.
Risultati: Incremento 158% dei redditi per i villaggi di raccolta.
Controllo principi etici: non sfruttamento bambini?
Riconoscimento dei benefici intrinseci del prodotto e della potenzialità di sviluppo del mercato Baobab nei paesi industrializzati.
Divulgazione ai villaggi africani della potenzialità di uno sviluppo nel lungo periodo dell’industria della raccolta e trasformazione del Baobab.
Divulgazione dell’opportunità che questo potrà significare per lo sviluppo sostenibile dell’Africa.
Habitat: Quasi tutta l’Africa subsahariana. E’ presente anche in alcune zons dell’India.
Parte usata: la polpa dei frutti essiccata e ridotta in polvere.
Composizione chimica: è una pianta molto ricca di fibre, vitamine e sali minerali. Il contenuto di aminoacidi è buono, con particolare abbondanza per acido aspartico, acido glutammico, arginina, prolina, alanina, fenilalanina e lisina.
Associazioni consigliate: Con Alga marina, The verde, Guaranà, Ortosifon e Pilosella per combattere sovrappeso e obesità.
Possibili effetti indesiderati: Non sono noti effetti collaterali o particolari controindicazioni legati all’assunzione di polpa di baobab. Questa polvere può essere assunta anche in gravidanza, durante l’allattamento e in età pediatrica.
Possibili interazioni con farmaci: Può rallentare l’assorbimento dei farmaci; eventuali altre terapie vanno quindi somministrate almeno 1 ora prima e non meno di 3 ore dopo la sua assunzione.
Utilizzi principali: Per aiutare l’organismo nei periodi più impegnativi e di stress e in particolar modo in corso di regimi alimentari ipocalorici (diete dimagranti)
Proprietà antiossidanti naturali di Baobab Adansonia digitata POLPA DI BAOBAB
Denominazione botanica: Adansonia digitata L. –
Tempo balsamico: a maturazione
Parti utilizzate: polpa del frutto privata dei semi
Habitat: savana africana
Il Baobab è un imponente albero, raggiunge i 25 metri di altezza e, nella stagione delle pioggie, arriva ad immagazzinare fino a 30 tonnellate di acqua superando così i periodi di siccità. In queste condizioni il diametro dell’albero può raggiungere i 40 metri di diametro.
La polpa di Baobab contiene mediamente 75,6% di carboidrati totali, il 2,3% di proteine (come aminoacidi) e un bassissimo contenuto di lipidi totali (0,27%). Molto elevato è il contenuto di vitamina C, oltre 6 volte quello di un’arancia. La vitamina C è utile per favorire l’assorbimento del calcio e rendere maggiormente biodisponibile il ferro (4) 1) AZIONE ENERGETICA-STIMOLANTE: grazie all’alto contenuto di carboidrati e vitamina C, il Baobab rappresenta un’importante fonte energetica, indicata soprattutto per gli sportivi in quanto, possedendo pure una buona azione antiossidante e antinfiammatoria, favorisce un rapido recupero dopo lo sforzo. 2) AZIONE ANTIOSSIDANTE: è legata fondamentalmente all’ elevata concentrazione di vitamina C, capace di contrastare la formazione di radicali liberi, di consentire una maggior vitalità e sostenere nei casi di affaticamento. 3) AZIONE ANTIINFIAMMATORIA-ANALGESICA-ANTIPIRETICA: già nota alla medicina tradizionale africana, è stata oggetto in tempi recenti di indagini scientifiche che hanno dimostrato la reale efficienza del Baobab. Tali azioni sono dovute alla presenza di fitosteroli, saponine e triterpeni (5). 4) AZIONE PREBIOTICA: l’elevatissimo contenuto di fibra, di cui il 22% solubile, è capace di stimolare selettivamente la crescita dei batteri simbionti della microflora intestinale, cioè di alcuni specifici batteri secretori di vitamine, acidi organici e altre sostanze importanti per il buon funzionamento dell’organismo (6). 5) AZIONE ANTIDIARROICA: è dovuta alla presenza di tannini, mucillagini, cellulosa ed acidi organici.
Note e avvertenze:
Non sono note controindicazioni o particolari avvertenze circa l’utilizzo degli integratori a base di polvere di polpa di baobab.
Proprietà antiossidanti naturali di Baobab Adansonia digitata POLPA DI BAOBABDenominazione botanica: Adansonia digitata L. – Famiglia: Bombacacee Tempo balsamico: a maturazione Parti utilizzate: polpa del frutto privata dei semi Habitat: savana africana